Monday, September 10, 2007

First Aid Guide


  • Before providing care, put on protective gloves or use a barrier between you and the victim, to reduce the chance of disease transmission while assisting the injured person. Cleanse your hands thoroughly with soap and water when finished.
  • CALL 911 for medical assistance.
  • Keep victim lying down.
  • Apply direct pressure using a clean cloth or sterile dressing directly on the wound.
  • DO NOT take out any object that is lodged in a wound; see a doctor for help in removal.
  • If there are no signs of a fracture in the injured area, carefully elevate the wound above the victim's heart.
  • Once bleeding is controlled, keep victim warm by covering with a blanket, continuing to monitor for shock.


  • Wash your hands and cleanse the injured area with clean soap and water, then blot dry.
  • Apply antibiotic ointment to minor wound and cover with a sterile gauze dressing or bandage that is slightly larger than the actual wound.


  • If an object is impaled in the eye, CALL 911 and DO NOT remove the object.
  • Cover both eyes with sterile dressings or eye cups to immobilize.
  • Covering both eyes will minimize the movement of the injured eye.
  • DO NOT rub or apply pressure, ice, or raw meat to the injured eye.
  • If the injury is a black eye, you may apply ice to cheek and area around eye, but not directly on the eyeball itself.
  • How to flush the eyes: If chemical is in only one eye, flush by positioning the victim's head with the contaminated eye down. . . to prevent flushing the chemical from one eye to another. Flush with cool or room temperature water for 15 minutes or more. Remove contact lenses after flushing.


  • First Degree Burn: Skin will appear red and may be swollen or painful. Generally does not require medical attention.
  • Second Degree Burn: Skin will appear red, blistered and swollen. May require medical attention.
  • Third Degree Burn: Skin will be visibly charred and may be white. Usually very painful. REQUIRES MEDICAL ATTENTION.
  • Basic first aid treatment for 1st degree & some 2nd degree burns:
    Submerge burn area immediately in cool water until pain stops. If affected area is large, cover with cool wet cloths. Do not break blisters if they are present. If pain persists but no medical assistance is needed, apply medicated first aid cream or gel and cover with sterile dressing. If medical attention is needed, do not apply any cream. Just cover with a dry, sterile dressing and seek medical help immediately.
  • Basic first aid treatment for 3rd degree & some 2nd degree burns:
    CALL 911!! Third degree burns MUST RECEIVE MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY! DO NOT try to remove any clothing stuck to the burned area. Cover with sterile dressing or clean sheet. DO NOT apply any creams or gels.


  • Flush the affected area with cool running water for at least 15 minutes.
  • Remove all clothing and jewelry that has been contaminated.
  • Monitor victim for shock and seek medical assistance.
  • If chemical burn is in the eyes, flush continuously with water and seek medical attention immediately.


  • Avoid any further exposure to direct sunlight.
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
  • Do not apply cold water or ice to a severe burn.
  • Use over-the-counter remedies to remove discomfort.
  • If burn is severe and blisters develop, seek medical attention.


  • Do not leave an unconscious victim alone except to call 911 for medical help.
  • Assess victim’s state of awareness by asking if they are OK.
  • Check the victim’s Airway, Breathing, and Circulation (ABC’s).
  • If the victim’s ABC’s are not present, perform CPR. IMPORTANT: only a trained & qualified personshould administer CPR.
  • If ABC’s are present and spinal injury is not suspected, place victim on their side with their chin toward the ground to allow for secretion drainage.
  • Cover the victim with blanket to keep warm and prevent shock. If victim communicates feeling warm, remove blanket.


  • Ask the victim, "Are you OK?"
  • Do not interfere or give first aid if the victim can speak, breathe, or cough.
  • If the victim cannot speak, breathe, or cough, ask for someone to call 911 and then perform the Heimlich maneuver (abdominal thrust).
  • How to perform the Heimlich maneuver: Position yourself behind the victim with your arms around victim’s stomach. Place the thumb-side of your fist above the victim’s navel and below the lower end of the breastbone. Take hold of your fist with your free hand and pull fist upward and in, quickly and firmly. Continue with thrusts until the object is dislodged or airway is clear.


  • Place infant face down on your forearm supporting the head and neck with your hand. Rest your hand on your knee with the infant’s head lower than its body.
  • With the heel of your hand give four blows between the infant’s shoulder blades.
    Turn infant over, place two fingers on the center of the infant’s chest (just below the nipples) and perform up to five chest thrusts.
  • Repeat until obstruction is clear.
    seek medical attention after any choking incident, since complications may arise.


  • Call your local Poison Control Center or 911 for immediate medical attention.
  • Antidotes on labels may be wrong!! do not follow them unless instructed by a physician.
  • Never give anything by mouth (milk, water, Ipecac, etc.) until you have consulted with a medical professional.
  • Keep a one ounce bottle of Ipecac on hand at all times in case of an emergency, and give only when instructed by a physician.
  • If the poison is on the skin, flush skin with water for 15 minutes, then wash and rinse with soap and water.
  • If poison is in the eye, flush with lukewarm water for 15 minutes. Adults can stand under the shower with eyes open.
    Always consult medical professionals after any eye injury has occurred.


  • Control any bleeding by applying direct pressure or with elevation.
  • To avoid risk of infection, do not close wound.
  • Rinse the bite thoroughly, holding it under running water. Cleanse with soap and water and hold under water again for five minutes.
  • Do not put ointments or medicines on wound. Cover with dry sterile bandage or gauze.
  • Seek medical assistance immediately.
    Note: report animal and human bites to local police and/or health authorities.


  • If possible, remove stinger by scraping it off with a blunt edge (e.g. credit card).
  • Clean wound and apply cold compress to reduce swelling.
  • Remove tight clothing and jewelry from areas near the bite in case swelling occurs.
  • Watch for signs of shock or allergic reaction. Signs include swelling or itching at the wound site, dizziness, nausea or difficulty breathing. Seek medical attention immediately if any of these signs occur.
  • Continue monitoring victim for shock until medical help arrives.
  • Check victim’s Airway, Breathing, and Circulation (ABC’s). If ABC’s are impaired then call 911 and begin CPR. IMPORTANT: only a trained & qualified person should administer CPR.


  • Grasp tick with fine-tipped tweezers, pull slowly
  • DO NOT burn, apply vaseline or nail polish to the tick
  • Wash bite area and apply antibiotic ointment.
  • If you can't remove the tick or part of it remains imbedded, get medical help
  • Not all ticks carry Lyme Disease. If rash or flu-like symptoms appear, see health care provider immediately.


  • Keep area clean--Wash with soap and water 2-3 times a day & apply antibiotic cream
  • Soothe with ice--Apply ice pack or cold wash to soothe th itch.
  • Make a paste--Apply baking soda past for 15-20 minutes to soothe itch & pain
  • Treat pain--Administer acetaminophen as needed.
  • When to see the doctor: 1. A deep blue-purple mottled area around the bite, surrounded by a whitish halo with an outer ring of redness. (Brown Recluse) 2. Muscle spasms, tightness, stiffness, abdominal pain. (Black Widow) 3. Body Rash

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Preparedness Quotes

"When faced with the choice to buy, consume, or engage in worldly things and activities, we all need to learn to say to one another, 'We can’t afford it, even though we want it!' or 'We can afford it, but we don’t need it—and we really don’t even want it!'" - Elder Robert D. Hales, April 2009 General Conference

"Many areas of the world have experienced difficult economic times. Businesses have failed, jobs have been lost, and investments have been jeopardized. We must make certain that those for whom we share responsibility do not go hungry or unclothed or unsheltered. When the priesthood of this Church works together as one in meeting these vexing conditions, near miracles take place.

"We urge all Latter-day Saints to be prudent in their planning, to be conservative in their living, and to avoid excessive or unnecessary debt."
- President Thomas S. Monson, October 2008 Priesthood Session, General Conference

"Avoid the philosophy that yesterday's luxuries have become today's necessities. They aren't necessities until we make them so. Many enter into long-term debt only to find that changes occur; people become ill or incapacitated, companies fail or downsize, jobs are lost, natural disasters befall us. For many reasons, payments on large amounts of debt can no longer be made. Our debt becomes as a Damocles sword hanging over our heads and threatening to destroy us."
- President Thomas S. Monson, April 2006 General Conference

“We have built grain storage and storehouses and stocked them with the necessities of life in the event of a disaster. But the real storehouse is the family storeroom. In words of revelation the Lord has said, ‘Organize yourselves; prepare every needful thing’ (D&C 109:8.)”
President Gordon B. Hinckley

"We need to make both temporal and spiritual preparation for the events prophesied at the time of the Second Coming. And the preparation most likely to be neglected is the one less visible and more difficult--the spiritual. A 72-hour kit of temporal supplies may prove valuable for earthly challenges, but, as the foolish virgins learned to their sorrow, a 24-hour kit of spiritual preparation is of greater and more enduring value.

"We are living in the prophesied time 'when peace shall be taken from the earth' (D&C 1:35,) when 'all things shall be in commotion' and 'men's hearts shall fail them' (D&C 88:91.) There are many temporal causes of commotion, including wars and natural disasters, but an even greater cause of current 'commotion' is spiritual." Elder Dallin H. Oaks

“Every father and mother are the family’s store keepers. They should store whatever their family would like to have in case of an emergency…(and) God will sustain us through our trials.” President James E. Faust

“We live in a most exciting and challenging period in human history. As technology sweeps through every facet of our lives, changes are occurring so rapidly that it can be difficult for us to keep our lives in balance. To maintain some semblance of stability in our lives, it is essential that we plan for our future. I believe it is time, and perhaps with some urgency, to review the counsel we have received in dealing with our personal and family preparedness. We want to be found with oil in our lamps sufficient to endure to the end.”- Elder L. Tom Perry, Ensign, Nov. 1995

"Many more people could ride out the storm-tossed waves in their economic lives if they had their year's supply of food. . . and were debt-free. Today we find that many have followed this counsel in reverse: they have at least a year's supply of debt and are food free." President Thomas S. Monson

"Just as it is important to prepare ourselves spiritually, we must also prepare ourselves for our temporal needs. … We have been instructed for years to follow at least four requirements in preparing for that which is to come.

“First, gain an adequate education. Learn a trade or a profession to enable you to obtain steady employment that will provide remuneration sufficient to care for yourself and your family. …

“Second, live strictly within your income and save something for a rainy day. Incorporate in your lives the discipline of budgeting that which the Lord has blessed you with. As regularly as you pay your tithing, set aside an amount needed for future family requirements. …

“Third, avoid excessive debt. Necessary debt should be incurred only after careful, thoughtful prayer and after obtaining the best possible advice. We need the discipline to stay well within our ability to pay. …

“Fourth, acquire and store a reserve of food and supplies that will sustain life [if local laws permit such storage]. Obtain clothing and build a savings account on a sensible, well-planned basis that can serve well in times of emergency. As long as I can remember, we have been taught to prepare for the future and to obtain a year’s supply of necessities. I would guess that the years of plenty have almost universally caused us to set aside this counsel. I believe the time to disregard this counsel is over. With events in the world today, it must be considered with all seriousness.” - Elder L. Tom Perry, October 1995 General Conference

“Maintain a year's supply. The Lord has urged that his people save for the rainy days, prepare for the difficult times, and put away for emergencies, a year's supply or more of bare necessities so that when comes the flood, the earthquake, the famine, the hurricane, the storms of life, our families can be sustained through the dark days. How many of us have complied with this? We strive with the Lord, finding many excuses: We do not have room for storage. The food spoils. We do not have the funds to do it. We do not like these common foods. It is not needed -- there will always be someone to help in trouble. The government will come to the rescue. And some intend to obey but procrastinate.” - The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p.375

“All too often a family's spending is governed more by their yearning than by their earning. They somehow believe that their life will be better if they surround themselves with an abundance of things. All too often all they are left with is avoidable anxiety and distress” - Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin

"Be prepared in all things against the day when tribulations and desolations are sent forth upon the wicked." D&C 29:8

"Too often we bask in our comfortable complacency and rationalize that the ravages of war, economic disaster, famine, and earthquake cannot happen here. Those who believe this are either not aquainted with the revelations of the Lord, or they do not believe them." President Ezra Taft Benson

"Fear not little flock; do good; let earth and hell combine against you, for if ye are built upon my rock, they cannot prevail. . .Look unto me in every thought; doubt not, fear not." D&C 6:34, 36

"I believe that the Ten Virgins represent the people of the Church of Jesus Christ. . . They (five foolish) had the saving, exalting gospel, but it had not been made the center of their lives. They knew the way but gave only a small measure of loyalty and devotion.

"The foolish asked the others to share their oil, but spiritual preparedness cannot be shared in an instant. . . . This was not selfishness or unkindness. The kind of oil that is needed to illuminate the way and light up the darkness is not shareable. . . . In our lives the oil of preparedness is accumulated drop by drop in righteous living." - President Spencer W. Kimball

“We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where he says, “Why call ye me, Lord, Lord and do not the things which I say?” How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says." - President Spencer W. Kimball"/>


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