- Arrange for emergency heat supply in case of power failure.
- Prepare automobile, battery powered equipment, food, heating fuel and other supplies.
- Prepare a winter survival kit. You should have the following items in your car: Blankets or sleeping bags, flares, high energy foods (candy, raisins, nuts, etc.), first aid kit, flashlights, extra batteries, extra clothing, knives, compass, emergency candles and matches, maps, jumper cable, tow chain, shovel, windshield scraper, sack of sand.
- Your car will help keep you warm, visible and alive should you be trapped in a winter storm. A lighted candle will help keep you from freezing but you must remember to have a window open slightly for ventilation.
- Keep car fuel tank above half full.
During and After the Storm:
- Dress warmly. Wear multiple layers of protective, loose-fitting clothing, scarves, mittens and hoods. Cover the mouth and nose to protect lungs form extremely cold air.
- Avoid travel, but if you become stranded, stay in your vehicle--keep it ventilated, bundle up, light an emergency candle for warmth, occasionally change positions and DON'T PANIC.
- Avoid overexertion. Heart attacks are a major cause of deaths during and after winter storms. Shoveling snow or freeing stuck vehicles can be extremely hard work. Don't overdo it!
- Beware of the chill factor if winds are present.
- Be prepared for isolation at home. If you live in a rural area, make sure you can survive at home for a week or two in case a storm isolates you and makes it impossible for you to leave.
If a Warning is issued, the Storm is imminent. Know Winter Words of Warning:
- Winter Weather Advisory: Issued when winter weather conditions, such as cold, ice and snow, are expected to hinder travel, cause inconveniences.
- Freezing Rain: Forecast when expected rain is likely to freeze as soon as it strikes the ground, creating a coating of ice on roads and walkways.
- Winter Storm Watch: Severe weather is possible.
- Winter Storm Warning: Heavy snow, sleet or freezing rain is expected.
- Blizzard Warning: Heavy snow, winds and dangerously low temperatures are expected. A blizzard can cause severe weather conditions.