Tuesday, September 11, 2007

Emergency Lighting

During an emergency you may be without electric lighting. Since most of us have never had to rely upon any other form of lighting we may not be aware of other options available. Most of the alternatives require a fire or flame, so use caution.

Cyalume Sticks
These are the safest forms of indoor lighting but very few people even know what they are. Cyalume sticks can be purchased at most sporting goods stores for about $2 per stick. To activate them. simply bend them until the glass tube inside them breaks, then shake them to mix the chemicals inside, and it will glow a bright green light for up to 8 hours. Cyalume is the only form of light that is safe to turn on inside a home after an earthquake. Cyalume will not ignite natural gas.

Flash Lights
Flash lights are excellent for most types of emergencies except in situations where ruptured natural gas lines may be present. Never turn a flash light on or off if there is any possibility of ruptured gas lines. The three main problems with relying upon flash lights are that they give light to very small areas, the batteries run down fairly quickly during use, and batteries do not store well for extended time periods. Alkaline batteries store the best. If stored in a cool location and in an airtight container, these batteries should be expected to store for three to five years. Store at least 2 - 3 extra bulbs in a place where they will not be crushed or broken.

Every family should have a large supply of candles. 365 candles, or one per day is not too many. 50 hour candles are available in both solid and liquid form. white or light colored candles burn brighter than dark candles. Candles are a good source of light and are the least expensive of all the methods of providing light. However, candles are extremely dangerous indoors because of the high fire danger. For this reason, be sure to store several candle lanterns or broad-based candle holders. Be sure to store a goodly supply of wooden matches.

Kerosene Lamps
Kerosene lamps will burn approx. 45 hrs. on a quart of fuel. The main problem with using kerosene lamps is failure to properly trim the wicks and using the wrong size chimney. Wicks should be trimmed in an arch, a "V," an "A" or straight across the top. Failure to properly trim and maintain wicks will result in smoke and poor light. Be sure to store extra wicks, chimneys and mantles.

Propane & Coleman Lantern
Caution should be used in using camp lanterns burning fuel. Fuel is very volatile and a flash type fire is easy to set off. Always fill them outside. Propane, on the other hand, is much safer. It is not as explosive and does not turn quite as hot. be sure to store plenty of extra mantles and matches.NOTE: Store lots of wooden matches. 1,000 - 2,000 matches are not too many.

1 comment:

Get Prepared Stuff said...

Flashlights can be a good source of long term light if you know what to buy and have a little budget.

The best flashlights for emergency use are LED based lights. You can find such lights priced from a few dollars to over a hundred and every point in between. They come in traditional hand held models, headlamp versions and lanterns. The newer versions are even brighter than flashlights ever have been and will run for hours days and even months on one set of batteries. I have one LED light that uses one AA battery and depending on the mode I choose it will run an hour and a half on it's highest output or ~3.5 days straight on it's lowest. 3.5 days translates to 16 to 21 days of light using it for 4 to 5 hours a day... on one battery.

As for batteries, the best batteries are of the Energizer e2 Lithium type. These batteries have a 15 year shelf life if kept cool and will run your LED flashlights even longer than alkaline batteries.

Lithium is the key ingredient in long lasting batteries. Even the coin cell type batteries such as the CR2032 can run an LED light for days. A headlamp such as the Petzl e+lite is very lightweight almost to the point you don't even know it's on your head. With it running two CR2032 cells the e+lite will give you a week to 20 days of light. The batteries are so small, to store enough batteries to run the light for a year would be the size of a couple $2 rolls of nickels.

Preparedness Quotes

"When faced with the choice to buy, consume, or engage in worldly things and activities, we all need to learn to say to one another, 'We can’t afford it, even though we want it!' or 'We can afford it, but we don’t need it—and we really don’t even want it!'" - Elder Robert D. Hales, April 2009 General Conference

"Many areas of the world have experienced difficult economic times. Businesses have failed, jobs have been lost, and investments have been jeopardized. We must make certain that those for whom we share responsibility do not go hungry or unclothed or unsheltered. When the priesthood of this Church works together as one in meeting these vexing conditions, near miracles take place.

"We urge all Latter-day Saints to be prudent in their planning, to be conservative in their living, and to avoid excessive or unnecessary debt."
- President Thomas S. Monson, October 2008 Priesthood Session, General Conference

"Avoid the philosophy that yesterday's luxuries have become today's necessities. They aren't necessities until we make them so. Many enter into long-term debt only to find that changes occur; people become ill or incapacitated, companies fail or downsize, jobs are lost, natural disasters befall us. For many reasons, payments on large amounts of debt can no longer be made. Our debt becomes as a Damocles sword hanging over our heads and threatening to destroy us."
- President Thomas S. Monson, April 2006 General Conference

“We have built grain storage and storehouses and stocked them with the necessities of life in the event of a disaster. But the real storehouse is the family storeroom. In words of revelation the Lord has said, ‘Organize yourselves; prepare every needful thing’ (D&C 109:8.)”
President Gordon B. Hinckley

"We need to make both temporal and spiritual preparation for the events prophesied at the time of the Second Coming. And the preparation most likely to be neglected is the one less visible and more difficult--the spiritual. A 72-hour kit of temporal supplies may prove valuable for earthly challenges, but, as the foolish virgins learned to their sorrow, a 24-hour kit of spiritual preparation is of greater and more enduring value.

"We are living in the prophesied time 'when peace shall be taken from the earth' (D&C 1:35,) when 'all things shall be in commotion' and 'men's hearts shall fail them' (D&C 88:91.) There are many temporal causes of commotion, including wars and natural disasters, but an even greater cause of current 'commotion' is spiritual." Elder Dallin H. Oaks

“Every father and mother are the family’s store keepers. They should store whatever their family would like to have in case of an emergency…(and) God will sustain us through our trials.” President James E. Faust

“We live in a most exciting and challenging period in human history. As technology sweeps through every facet of our lives, changes are occurring so rapidly that it can be difficult for us to keep our lives in balance. To maintain some semblance of stability in our lives, it is essential that we plan for our future. I believe it is time, and perhaps with some urgency, to review the counsel we have received in dealing with our personal and family preparedness. We want to be found with oil in our lamps sufficient to endure to the end.”- Elder L. Tom Perry, Ensign, Nov. 1995

"Many more people could ride out the storm-tossed waves in their economic lives if they had their year's supply of food. . . and were debt-free. Today we find that many have followed this counsel in reverse: they have at least a year's supply of debt and are food free." President Thomas S. Monson

"Just as it is important to prepare ourselves spiritually, we must also prepare ourselves for our temporal needs. … We have been instructed for years to follow at least four requirements in preparing for that which is to come.

“First, gain an adequate education. Learn a trade or a profession to enable you to obtain steady employment that will provide remuneration sufficient to care for yourself and your family. …

“Second, live strictly within your income and save something for a rainy day. Incorporate in your lives the discipline of budgeting that which the Lord has blessed you with. As regularly as you pay your tithing, set aside an amount needed for future family requirements. …

“Third, avoid excessive debt. Necessary debt should be incurred only after careful, thoughtful prayer and after obtaining the best possible advice. We need the discipline to stay well within our ability to pay. …

“Fourth, acquire and store a reserve of food and supplies that will sustain life [if local laws permit such storage]. Obtain clothing and build a savings account on a sensible, well-planned basis that can serve well in times of emergency. As long as I can remember, we have been taught to prepare for the future and to obtain a year’s supply of necessities. I would guess that the years of plenty have almost universally caused us to set aside this counsel. I believe the time to disregard this counsel is over. With events in the world today, it must be considered with all seriousness.” - Elder L. Tom Perry, October 1995 General Conference

“Maintain a year's supply. The Lord has urged that his people save for the rainy days, prepare for the difficult times, and put away for emergencies, a year's supply or more of bare necessities so that when comes the flood, the earthquake, the famine, the hurricane, the storms of life, our families can be sustained through the dark days. How many of us have complied with this? We strive with the Lord, finding many excuses: We do not have room for storage. The food spoils. We do not have the funds to do it. We do not like these common foods. It is not needed -- there will always be someone to help in trouble. The government will come to the rescue. And some intend to obey but procrastinate.” - The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p.375

“All too often a family's spending is governed more by their yearning than by their earning. They somehow believe that their life will be better if they surround themselves with an abundance of things. All too often all they are left with is avoidable anxiety and distress” - Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin

"Be prepared in all things against the day when tribulations and desolations are sent forth upon the wicked." D&C 29:8

"Too often we bask in our comfortable complacency and rationalize that the ravages of war, economic disaster, famine, and earthquake cannot happen here. Those who believe this are either not aquainted with the revelations of the Lord, or they do not believe them." President Ezra Taft Benson

"Fear not little flock; do good; let earth and hell combine against you, for if ye are built upon my rock, they cannot prevail. . .Look unto me in every thought; doubt not, fear not." D&C 6:34, 36

"I believe that the Ten Virgins represent the people of the Church of Jesus Christ. . . They (five foolish) had the saving, exalting gospel, but it had not been made the center of their lives. They knew the way but gave only a small measure of loyalty and devotion.

"The foolish asked the others to share their oil, but spiritual preparedness cannot be shared in an instant. . . . This was not selfishness or unkindness. The kind of oil that is needed to illuminate the way and light up the darkness is not shareable. . . . In our lives the oil of preparedness is accumulated drop by drop in righteous living." - President Spencer W. Kimball

“We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where he says, “Why call ye me, Lord, Lord and do not the things which I say?” How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says." - President Spencer W. Kimball



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