Friday, October 5, 2007

Dry Pack Canning Instructions for #10 Cans

Purpose:
To ensure safe, sanitary, and effective canning in #10 cans. These instructions should be provided to all customers who use the dry-pack facilities.

Guidelines:

Getting Ready
  • Supply canning area with cans, lids, labels and product.
  • Wash hands with soap and water.
  • Remove loose jewelry and items from shirt pockets.
  • Wear hair nets, aprons and gloves.
  • Do not eat or drink in the cannery area.
  • Do not work in contact with food if you are sick or have an open sore.

Filling Cans

  • Use a scoop to fill cans. Do not use an empty can as a scoop
  • Control dust by carefully emptying bags and scooping product.
  • Fill cans to within 1/4 inch of top of can.

Using Oxygen Absorber Packets: Oxygen absorber packets have a limited shelf life in the open air. Packets should not be exposed to air for more than four hours before cans are sealed cans.

  • Before opening the bag: 1. Check the indicator tablet on the side of the bag. If the tablet is blue, reseal the bag with the clamp for 24 hours. 2. If the tablet is still blue after 24 hours, discard the packets.
  • Open plastic bag of oxygen absorber packets: 1. If the plastic bag has a clamp, pull the two sides of the clamp apart. 2. If the plastic bag is heat-sealed, locate the notch on the upper left-hand corner of the printed side. Then starting at the notch, tear open the top of the bag. (Do not cut open.)
  • Remove from bag the number of packets to be used within the next 30 minutes and spread them out on a tray. These packets are now exposed and will begin to absorb oxygen.
  • Do not repeatedly open and close the plastic bag for a few packets at a time. Do not place unused, exposed packets back into the plastic bag.
  • After removing the packets, reseal the bag by pressing out the air and fastening the clamp above the indicator tablet.
  • Place one packet on the top of the product in each can. Do not puncture or open packets. Use packets with all products except sugar.
  • Note: Do not leave the plastic bag open to air. Do not refill the tray before using all exposed packets. Do not eat contents of packets.

Sealing Cans

  • Place lids on cans and seal cans promptly.

Labeling Cans

  • Write the date and the product on the can or write date on the product-specific "Not for Sale" labels and place the labels on the cans.

Cleaning Up

  • Use a dry towel to wipe off surfaces that have contact with food when changing from one product to another to avoid cross-contamination of products.
  • When you have finished, remove all food residue from the processing area by wiping with a dry cloth, sweeping and vacuuming. Properly dispose of bags and boxes. Leave area organized and clean.

Guidelines:

Approved Products Provided By the Cannery

Approved products are limited to those that retain flavor and nutritional values and are produced or used by Welfare Services. For storage to be successful, dry-pack products need to be low moisture (10 percent moisture or less), good quality and insect free.

The following products are available at dry-pack canneries:

  • Apple Slices
  • Pinto Beans
  • Pink Beans
  • Great Northern Beans
  • Dry Carrots
  • Hot Cocoa Mix
  • White Flour
  • Fruit Drink Mix
  • Macaroni
  • Rolled Oats
  • Dry Onions
  • Potatoes
  • Granulated Sugar
  • Spaghetti
  • Wheat
  • White Rice

Approved Products Not Provided by the Cannery

The following additional products are approved for canning. They are not procured or provided by dry-pack canneries unless authorized by Church headquarters for a specific cannery.

  • Grains: Low moisture whole grains, (not milled or cracked) that do not have an oily seed coat
  • Legumes: Dry peas and other beans not listed above
  • Pasta: Pasta products that do not contain egg
  • Fruits and Vegetables: Dehydrated or freeze dried products that are dry enough to snap when broken.
  • TVP: Texturized Vegetable Protein
  • Cheese Powder
  • Gelatin and Pudding Desserts: Products that do not contain eggs.

Storage Suggestions

  • Store dry-pack items in a cool, dry location (70 degrees or cooler) away from sunlight.
  • Store on shelves or on raised platforms rather than directly in contact with concrete floors or walls to avoid moisture damage.

Non-approved Products

The following items are examples of products that do not store well in cans because of moisture, oil, or other concerns. These types of products should not be dry-pack canned. These products and emergency supplies such as first-aid kits and food rations (candy, granola bars, etc.) are best stored when rotated frequently.

  • Baking Powder
  • Baking soda
  • Bouillon
  • Brown Rice
  • Brown Sugar
  • Chewy Dehydrated Fruit (like raisins)
  • Cornmeal
  • Dried Eggs
  • Dried Meat
  • Granola
  • Milled Grain Cereal
  • Mixes Containing Leavening (such as pancake or biscuit mix)
  • Nuts (roasted or raw)
  • Oil
  • Pearled Barley
  • Salt
  • Spices
  • Whole Wheat Flour
  • Yeast

7 comments:

Amber Omer said...

Thank you for your post! I was searching for an answer to a question I had about canning, I found your blog (which is awesome!). Maybe you can answer my question-- I am really new at canning and a while back I canned brown rice not knowing that it should not be canned. :( I was wondering if you might know, how long that will be edible, if edible at all? It's been about 8 or 9 months since it was canned in #10 cans.
Thanks!

Kerri said...

I found this on the internet: Because of the high oil content in brown rice it tends to go rancid. Rancid oil smells like crayons. Open the container and take a whiff right away - if the first thing you smell is "crayons", then it is rancid.

Anonymous said...

I really appreciate this info. Do you know anything about the shelf life of whole what pasta? Is this feasible to can?

Kerri said...

To anonymous: The whole wheat pasta shelf life is approximately six months so it is not feasible to dry pack can it.

Source: Good Housekeeping Magazine quoted on Web MD

Flying Princess said...

You are awesome! I love reading all this information. It makes me feel prepared just knowing where to look for this kind of stuff.

Jennifer said...

Do you know the best way to preserve dry dog food? Can it be dry canned in #10 cans using oxygen absorbing packets? I know that it contains omega 3 and 6 oils which may be a factor. We would like to plan ahead for our pet too.
what would you suggest?

Anonymous said...

Do NOT can animal food. It contains oils. It WILL go rancid and can potentially build botulism. You don't want to feed your animals anything you wouldn't eat. Rotate your animal food as you would any other food that needs to be rotated.

Preparedness Quotes

"When faced with the choice to buy, consume, or engage in worldly things and activities, we all need to learn to say to one another, 'We can’t afford it, even though we want it!' or 'We can afford it, but we don’t need it—and we really don’t even want it!'" - Elder Robert D. Hales, April 2009 General Conference

"Many areas of the world have experienced difficult economic times. Businesses have failed, jobs have been lost, and investments have been jeopardized. We must make certain that those for whom we share responsibility do not go hungry or unclothed or unsheltered. When the priesthood of this Church works together as one in meeting these vexing conditions, near miracles take place.

"We urge all Latter-day Saints to be prudent in their planning, to be conservative in their living, and to avoid excessive or unnecessary debt."
- President Thomas S. Monson, October 2008 Priesthood Session, General Conference

"Avoid the philosophy that yesterday's luxuries have become today's necessities. They aren't necessities until we make them so. Many enter into long-term debt only to find that changes occur; people become ill or incapacitated, companies fail or downsize, jobs are lost, natural disasters befall us. For many reasons, payments on large amounts of debt can no longer be made. Our debt becomes as a Damocles sword hanging over our heads and threatening to destroy us."
- President Thomas S. Monson, April 2006 General Conference

“We have built grain storage and storehouses and stocked them with the necessities of life in the event of a disaster. But the real storehouse is the family storeroom. In words of revelation the Lord has said, ‘Organize yourselves; prepare every needful thing’ (D&C 109:8.)”
President Gordon B. Hinckley

"We need to make both temporal and spiritual preparation for the events prophesied at the time of the Second Coming. And the preparation most likely to be neglected is the one less visible and more difficult--the spiritual. A 72-hour kit of temporal supplies may prove valuable for earthly challenges, but, as the foolish virgins learned to their sorrow, a 24-hour kit of spiritual preparation is of greater and more enduring value.

"We are living in the prophesied time 'when peace shall be taken from the earth' (D&C 1:35,) when 'all things shall be in commotion' and 'men's hearts shall fail them' (D&C 88:91.) There are many temporal causes of commotion, including wars and natural disasters, but an even greater cause of current 'commotion' is spiritual." Elder Dallin H. Oaks

“Every father and mother are the family’s store keepers. They should store whatever their family would like to have in case of an emergency…(and) God will sustain us through our trials.” President James E. Faust

“We live in a most exciting and challenging period in human history. As technology sweeps through every facet of our lives, changes are occurring so rapidly that it can be difficult for us to keep our lives in balance. To maintain some semblance of stability in our lives, it is essential that we plan for our future. I believe it is time, and perhaps with some urgency, to review the counsel we have received in dealing with our personal and family preparedness. We want to be found with oil in our lamps sufficient to endure to the end.”- Elder L. Tom Perry, Ensign, Nov. 1995

"Many more people could ride out the storm-tossed waves in their economic lives if they had their year's supply of food. . . and were debt-free. Today we find that many have followed this counsel in reverse: they have at least a year's supply of debt and are food free." President Thomas S. Monson

"Just as it is important to prepare ourselves spiritually, we must also prepare ourselves for our temporal needs. … We have been instructed for years to follow at least four requirements in preparing for that which is to come.

“First, gain an adequate education. Learn a trade or a profession to enable you to obtain steady employment that will provide remuneration sufficient to care for yourself and your family. …

“Second, live strictly within your income and save something for a rainy day. Incorporate in your lives the discipline of budgeting that which the Lord has blessed you with. As regularly as you pay your tithing, set aside an amount needed for future family requirements. …

“Third, avoid excessive debt. Necessary debt should be incurred only after careful, thoughtful prayer and after obtaining the best possible advice. We need the discipline to stay well within our ability to pay. …

“Fourth, acquire and store a reserve of food and supplies that will sustain life [if local laws permit such storage]. Obtain clothing and build a savings account on a sensible, well-planned basis that can serve well in times of emergency. As long as I can remember, we have been taught to prepare for the future and to obtain a year’s supply of necessities. I would guess that the years of plenty have almost universally caused us to set aside this counsel. I believe the time to disregard this counsel is over. With events in the world today, it must be considered with all seriousness.” - Elder L. Tom Perry, October 1995 General Conference

“Maintain a year's supply. The Lord has urged that his people save for the rainy days, prepare for the difficult times, and put away for emergencies, a year's supply or more of bare necessities so that when comes the flood, the earthquake, the famine, the hurricane, the storms of life, our families can be sustained through the dark days. How many of us have complied with this? We strive with the Lord, finding many excuses: We do not have room for storage. The food spoils. We do not have the funds to do it. We do not like these common foods. It is not needed -- there will always be someone to help in trouble. The government will come to the rescue. And some intend to obey but procrastinate.” - The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p.375

“All too often a family's spending is governed more by their yearning than by their earning. They somehow believe that their life will be better if they surround themselves with an abundance of things. All too often all they are left with is avoidable anxiety and distress” - Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin

"Be prepared in all things against the day when tribulations and desolations are sent forth upon the wicked." D&C 29:8

"Too often we bask in our comfortable complacency and rationalize that the ravages of war, economic disaster, famine, and earthquake cannot happen here. Those who believe this are either not aquainted with the revelations of the Lord, or they do not believe them." President Ezra Taft Benson

"Fear not little flock; do good; let earth and hell combine against you, for if ye are built upon my rock, they cannot prevail. . .Look unto me in every thought; doubt not, fear not." D&C 6:34, 36

"I believe that the Ten Virgins represent the people of the Church of Jesus Christ. . . They (five foolish) had the saving, exalting gospel, but it had not been made the center of their lives. They knew the way but gave only a small measure of loyalty and devotion.

"The foolish asked the others to share their oil, but spiritual preparedness cannot be shared in an instant. . . . This was not selfishness or unkindness. The kind of oil that is needed to illuminate the way and light up the darkness is not shareable. . . . In our lives the oil of preparedness is accumulated drop by drop in righteous living." - President Spencer W. Kimball

“We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where he says, “Why call ye me, Lord, Lord and do not the things which I say?” How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says." - President Spencer W. Kimball


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