Tuesday, April 22, 2008

72 Hour Kits with nutritional and energy requirements in mind

Although it is not official church counsel to maintain a 72 hour kit, it is a good idea to have one in case of an emergency.

The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency states on their website:

"You may need to survive on your own after a disaster. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least three days. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it might take days.

"Basic services such as electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment, and telephones may be cut off for days, or even a week or longer. Or, you may have to evacuate at a moment’s notice and take essentials with you. You probably will not have the opportunity to shop or search for the supplies you need.

"A disaster supplies kit is a collection of basic items that members of a household may need in the event of a disaster.The U.S. government recommends every person have one as emergency officials are often unable to respond to catastrophes immediately."

I found this article on a website called MormonShare.com and feel it has great information about the nutrional needs of someone during a disaster and how to meet them with a 72-hour kit. If you click on the links, you can get this in a printable or spreadsheet form.

I've become increasingly concerned with the 72-hour kit menus made up of beef jerky, oatmeal, and chewing gum. After reading that the US military creates 3,600 calorie daily MRE kits for soldiers in the field (recently cut to 2,400 calories for so-called First Strike Rations), I knew these 600 calorie Enrichment Night chewing gum menus simply weren't adequate.

The argument, "My 72 hour kit just has to keep me alive for 3 days," is patently false. During a crisis, if you're not injured, you'll probably be fleeing a disaster, setting up camp, performing rescue operations, contacting and locating family members, removing debris, making repairs, calming children, or performing first aid. 600 calories a day just isn't going to cut it. But don't take my word for it -- here's what one military dietician says about dietary needs during extreme conditions: "During field operations you may burn as much energy as a competitive endurance athlete. Eating right can help decrease fatigue, increase endurance, prevent dehydration, maintain mental alertness, reduce diarrhea and constipation, reduce risk of injury, help maintain emotional stability, maintain morale and strength, and prevent muscle loss. Remember vitamin[s] and mineral[s] can't make up for a poor diet. What and how much you eat and drink can mean the difference between top performance and struggling to complete the mission. In extreme conditions, it could be the difference between life and death." (CPT Lisa M. Giese, RD, LN; High Caliber Nutrition in the Field)You'll also need to store 64 ounces (4 lbs) of water per day per person. 64 ounces equals 1/2 gallon or about 2 Liters.The following menus are available in printable form or spreadsheet form, or in brief text form below:

Kashi TLC Trail Mix Bar
Kashi TLC Trail Mix Bar
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Rice-A-Roni Express Asian Fried
Austin Toasty Crackers with Peanut Butter
StarKist Tuna Creations Garlic and Herb
Idahoan Original Mashed Potatoes (prepared)
Planters Nutrition Heart Healthy Mix 1.5 oz
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix 6 OZ
Price: $6.38/dayWeight: 1 lb 15.8 ounces

MALE AGE 12-40 – 2,500 CALORIES
Quaker Instant Grits Red Eye Gravy and Country Ham
– 1 packet Quaker Instant Grits Red Eye Gravy and Country Ham
– 1 packet Del Monte Tropical Fruit Salad 8.25 oz
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Tyson Chicken Breast Salad Kit
Hunt's Snack Pack Pudding Cup Chocolate
Daredevil Planters Nutrition Heart Healthy Mix 1.5 oz
Dinty Moore Chicken and Dumplings 7.5 oz
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix 6 OZ
Nabisco 100 Calorie Packs Chips Ahoy
Price: $7.33/day
Weight: 2 lbs 12.2 ounces

Kashi TLC Trail Mix Bar
Kashi TLC Trail Mix Bar
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Rice-A-Roni Express Asian
Fried Austin Toasty Crackers with Peanut Butter
StarKist Tuna Creations Garlic and Herb
Idahoan Original Mashed Potatoes (prepared)
Planters Nutrition Heart Healthy Mix
1.5 oz Nabisco 100 Calorie Packs Chips Ahoy
Price: $6.83/day
Weight: 1 lbs 10.4 ounces

Quaker Oatmeal Express Baked Apple Raisins 1.5 oz box
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Del Monte Tropical Fruit Salad 8.25 oz
Bumble Bee Tuna Salad with Crackers
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix
6 OZ Hormel Roast Beef and Gravy with Mashed Potatoes
Hunt's Snack Pack Pudding Cup
Chocolate Daredevil
Price: $6.29/day
Weight: 2 lbs 0.2 ounces

Kashi TLC Trail Mix Bar
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Austin Toasty Crackers with Peanut Butter
Sam's Choice Mountain Trail Mix Individual Size
Idahoan Original Mashed Potatoes (prepared)
Raisins 1.5 oz box
Nabisco 100 Calorie Packs Chips Ahoy
Price: $2.73/day
Weight: 0 lbs 15.6 ounces

Kellogg's Apple Jacks .95 oz
Austin Cheese Crackers with Peanut Butter
Hormel Cheezy Mac N Cheese
Planters Nutrition Heart Healthy Mix 1.5 oz
Raisins 1.5 oz box
Hormel Lasagna with Meat Sauce
Barum's Animal Crackers
Price: $4.77/day
Weight: 1 lb 13.8 ounces

POOR MAN'S 72 HOUR KIT MENU – (Meets Caloric, protein, and carb needs for 1 male or female adult for 3 days w/o exceeding sodium daily values)
Jif Reduced Fat Creamy/Crunchy 18oz
Great Value Unsalted Tops Crackers
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix 6 OZ
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix 6 OZ
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix 6 OZ
Great Value Tropical Trail Mix 6 OZ
Price: $7.30/person for 3 days
Weight: 5 lbs 14 ounces

None of these menus require any cooking, hot water, or refrigeration. I had my friend, a doctor, take a look at these menus (especially the Poor Man's Menu) and he said they were safe. Instant grits come in a pouch that's coated on the inside, so all you have to do is pour water in the pouch and let them sit to prepare them. Water temperature doesn't matter. Same for oatmeal, but grits taste a lot better than oatmeal when cold. If you substitute menu items be sure to compare with the full chart to ensure you're getting similar amounts of calories, sodium, protein and carbs.What to look for in choosing items for a 72 hour kit menu:
1) adequate calories
2) adequate protein and carbohydrates
3) keep sodium as low as possible
4) plenty of water - 2 L or 1/2 gallon per day per person
5) ease of storage
6) ease of food preparation
7) weight (include water needed to prepare food)

Food needs under extreme conditions"Remember the rules of thumb of performance eating.
1) Eat the right amount of food. Energy in equals energy out. Not enough food = fatigue. Too much = unwanted pounds.
2) Lots of carbohydrates. Now I know carbs may have a bad rep right now, but they are a MUST in the field and in the rear. Carbohydrates (55-70% of your calories) give you a quick start and provide nutrients for the long haul. They prevent fatigue by keeping your blood sugars up and filling energy-giving glycogen stores.
3) Adequate protein. Protein (12-15% of your calories) helps build and repair those muscles and tissues plus heal wounds and fight infections.
4) Lots of fluids. Fluids help prevent dehydration. The best choice is water, but if you don’t like the taste include juice, sport drinks, and UHT boxed milk. Remember unlike water these have calories.
5) Not too much fat. Fat can be used for energy, but carbs are your body’s first choice. About 30-35% of your calories should come from fat.
6) Vitamins and minerals. Think of these as your spark plugs to keep your body running. Vitamins and minerals from food sources are better absorbed so eat a variety of foods...."Some of [the] better choices are high carbohydrate, low-fat snacks. Examples include cookie bars, canned fruit, bread, crackers, granola bars, juice, bagels, fruit newtons, and instant noodles. Snack foods that are higher in fat are harder to digest and might decrease your appetite. The following snacks can lead to quick weight gain and affect your performance: sunflower seeds, nuts, pumpkin seeds, candy bars, snack cakes, sausage, canned Smokey’s, cheese, and jerky."
(High Caliber Nutrition in the Field; CPT Lisa M. Giese, RD, LN) Need for Carbs: Carbohydrates or "carbs" (pasta, bread, cereal, rice, fruits, milk, yogurt, potatoes, etc.) are especially important for athletes because they supply the body with glucose (blood sugar) for energy. Extra glucose is stored in the muscles and liver as glycogen, your energy reserve. During short bursts of exercise such as sprinting, basketball, gymnastics, or soccer, your body primarily uses glycogen for energy. If you don't have enough glycogen you can feel very tired, which will affect your athletic performance. During longer exercise, your body uses the glycogen stores first and then uses fats stored in your body to fuel performance. (Center for Young Women's Health, Children's Hospital Boston)Need for Protein:Your body needs protein every day to build and repair muscles and other body tissues, to make hormones, and to make enzymes that it needs to function normally (enzymes speed up and help certain chemical reactions to occur in your body). If you don’t eat enough protein, your body may start to break down your muscle. (Center for Young Women's Health, Children's Hospital Boston) If [y]our diet is too low in calories (from all food sources) the body will begin to use protein as an energy source. It will take the protein in our muscles to convert into calories. This is not good because when this happens important muscle mass is lost and our bodies become weaker and flabbier. People who are dieting and severely restricting their calorie intake run this risk. (Proteins) High protein intake can result in over-working your kidneys and more frequent urination, which potentially could lead to kidney problems, dehydration, loss of water-soluble vitamins and nutrients and build up of waste products (gout, kidney stones and uremic poisoning). (Become a PRO on Protein) Muscles rely on glycogen (the energy they use for fuel) to perform work. When bodybuilders replace carbohydrate with protein in their diet, they have lower muscle stores of glycogen. For that reason, a high protein/low carbohydrate diet cannot provide enough glycogen for our muscles, so they feel weak, tired, and fatigue quickly. (FYI, three grams of water are needed for each gram of glycogen we store in our muscles.) -- So on Poor Man's 72 hour kit menu, be sure to include dried fruit to up the carbs you take in. (Do bodybuilders and other weightlifters need more protein?)

Questions: Here are some questions that were emailed to me about these kits:

Q) Your 72 hour kit menus were very interesting to me as I have been on the same quest lately to improve the health and nutritive qualities of my family's 72 hour kits. I have a couple of questions regarding your menus. In your pouch only menus are you putting them in the foil pouches from the storehouse or do you just mean each item is self contained in it's own pouch? A) I mean each item is self contained in its own pouch. You can think of my pouch menus as the poor man's MRE kit. These items could, of course, be sealed with a storehouse or stake sealer to keep them safe from water damage, but a ziploc bag would suffice since they'll need to be rotated fairly often.
Q) Also I noticed you didn't make any mention of expiration dates. I looked at some of the same items you have listed, but had found that they didn't last even a year, such as the austin peanut butter crackers. What is your rotation schedule? Preprepared food items are just like the ones in your pantry, and should be rotated every 6-12 months. A common way to remember to rotate items in a 72-hour kit is to eat the food in the kit during General Conference. That helps you keep your kit current with fresh food, helps you determine what your family will or won't eat, and makes you open up your kit to update it (prescriptions, dietary needs, clothing sizes, caloric requirements, etc. may have changed).
Q) Did you find all of the items you have listed in one place? Thanks for the info.
A) Yes. I bought them all at a Super Wal-Mart. If you choose different brands than I listed, be sure to check that the sodium, carb, and protein values are similar. For example, the Kashi brand of granola bars was a lot healthier than some other brands.
Date Submitted: 2006-02-23

Source: http://www.mormonshare.com/search-lds-activities.php?ActivityID=421


Lauren Camp said...

This is really great information and so much cheaper than buying a kit - can you tell me where you buy the items list?

Kerri said...

I believe all the items on this list were purchased at a Super Walmart.

Preparedness Quotes

"When faced with the choice to buy, consume, or engage in worldly things and activities, we all need to learn to say to one another, 'We can’t afford it, even though we want it!' or 'We can afford it, but we don’t need it—and we really don’t even want it!'" - Elder Robert D. Hales, April 2009 General Conference

"Many areas of the world have experienced difficult economic times. Businesses have failed, jobs have been lost, and investments have been jeopardized. We must make certain that those for whom we share responsibility do not go hungry or unclothed or unsheltered. When the priesthood of this Church works together as one in meeting these vexing conditions, near miracles take place.

"We urge all Latter-day Saints to be prudent in their planning, to be conservative in their living, and to avoid excessive or unnecessary debt."
- President Thomas S. Monson, October 2008 Priesthood Session, General Conference

"Avoid the philosophy that yesterday's luxuries have become today's necessities. They aren't necessities until we make them so. Many enter into long-term debt only to find that changes occur; people become ill or incapacitated, companies fail or downsize, jobs are lost, natural disasters befall us. For many reasons, payments on large amounts of debt can no longer be made. Our debt becomes as a Damocles sword hanging over our heads and threatening to destroy us."
- President Thomas S. Monson, April 2006 General Conference

“We have built grain storage and storehouses and stocked them with the necessities of life in the event of a disaster. But the real storehouse is the family storeroom. In words of revelation the Lord has said, ‘Organize yourselves; prepare every needful thing’ (D&C 109:8.)”
President Gordon B. Hinckley

"We need to make both temporal and spiritual preparation for the events prophesied at the time of the Second Coming. And the preparation most likely to be neglected is the one less visible and more difficult--the spiritual. A 72-hour kit of temporal supplies may prove valuable for earthly challenges, but, as the foolish virgins learned to their sorrow, a 24-hour kit of spiritual preparation is of greater and more enduring value.

"We are living in the prophesied time 'when peace shall be taken from the earth' (D&C 1:35,) when 'all things shall be in commotion' and 'men's hearts shall fail them' (D&C 88:91.) There are many temporal causes of commotion, including wars and natural disasters, but an even greater cause of current 'commotion' is spiritual." Elder Dallin H. Oaks

“Every father and mother are the family’s store keepers. They should store whatever their family would like to have in case of an emergency…(and) God will sustain us through our trials.” President James E. Faust

“We live in a most exciting and challenging period in human history. As technology sweeps through every facet of our lives, changes are occurring so rapidly that it can be difficult for us to keep our lives in balance. To maintain some semblance of stability in our lives, it is essential that we plan for our future. I believe it is time, and perhaps with some urgency, to review the counsel we have received in dealing with our personal and family preparedness. We want to be found with oil in our lamps sufficient to endure to the end.”- Elder L. Tom Perry, Ensign, Nov. 1995

"Many more people could ride out the storm-tossed waves in their economic lives if they had their year's supply of food. . . and were debt-free. Today we find that many have followed this counsel in reverse: they have at least a year's supply of debt and are food free." President Thomas S. Monson

"Just as it is important to prepare ourselves spiritually, we must also prepare ourselves for our temporal needs. … We have been instructed for years to follow at least four requirements in preparing for that which is to come.

“First, gain an adequate education. Learn a trade or a profession to enable you to obtain steady employment that will provide remuneration sufficient to care for yourself and your family. …

“Second, live strictly within your income and save something for a rainy day. Incorporate in your lives the discipline of budgeting that which the Lord has blessed you with. As regularly as you pay your tithing, set aside an amount needed for future family requirements. …

“Third, avoid excessive debt. Necessary debt should be incurred only after careful, thoughtful prayer and after obtaining the best possible advice. We need the discipline to stay well within our ability to pay. …

“Fourth, acquire and store a reserve of food and supplies that will sustain life [if local laws permit such storage]. Obtain clothing and build a savings account on a sensible, well-planned basis that can serve well in times of emergency. As long as I can remember, we have been taught to prepare for the future and to obtain a year’s supply of necessities. I would guess that the years of plenty have almost universally caused us to set aside this counsel. I believe the time to disregard this counsel is over. With events in the world today, it must be considered with all seriousness.” - Elder L. Tom Perry, October 1995 General Conference

“Maintain a year's supply. The Lord has urged that his people save for the rainy days, prepare for the difficult times, and put away for emergencies, a year's supply or more of bare necessities so that when comes the flood, the earthquake, the famine, the hurricane, the storms of life, our families can be sustained through the dark days. How many of us have complied with this? We strive with the Lord, finding many excuses: We do not have room for storage. The food spoils. We do not have the funds to do it. We do not like these common foods. It is not needed -- there will always be someone to help in trouble. The government will come to the rescue. And some intend to obey but procrastinate.” - The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, p.375

“All too often a family's spending is governed more by their yearning than by their earning. They somehow believe that their life will be better if they surround themselves with an abundance of things. All too often all they are left with is avoidable anxiety and distress” - Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin

"Be prepared in all things against the day when tribulations and desolations are sent forth upon the wicked." D&C 29:8

"Too often we bask in our comfortable complacency and rationalize that the ravages of war, economic disaster, famine, and earthquake cannot happen here. Those who believe this are either not aquainted with the revelations of the Lord, or they do not believe them." President Ezra Taft Benson

"Fear not little flock; do good; let earth and hell combine against you, for if ye are built upon my rock, they cannot prevail. . .Look unto me in every thought; doubt not, fear not." D&C 6:34, 36

"I believe that the Ten Virgins represent the people of the Church of Jesus Christ. . . They (five foolish) had the saving, exalting gospel, but it had not been made the center of their lives. They knew the way but gave only a small measure of loyalty and devotion.

"The foolish asked the others to share their oil, but spiritual preparedness cannot be shared in an instant. . . . This was not selfishness or unkindness. The kind of oil that is needed to illuminate the way and light up the darkness is not shareable. . . . In our lives the oil of preparedness is accumulated drop by drop in righteous living." - President Spencer W. Kimball

“We encourage families to have on hand this year’s supply; we say it over and over and over and repeat over and over the scripture of the Lord where he says, “Why call ye me, Lord, Lord and do not the things which I say?” How empty it is as they put their spirituality, so-called, into action and call him by his important names, but fail to do the things which he says." - President Spencer W. Kimball



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