Ten Outdoor Essentials for any trip:
- First-Aid Kit
- Extra Clothing
- Rain Gear
- Water Bottle
- Trail Food
- Matches and Fire Starters
- Map & Compass
Additional items to make a survival situation more bearable:
- Duct tape: repairs, patching, bandage tape, etc.
- Signal: Metal mirror, bright clothing, something to attract attention
- 2 - 3 bouillon cubes
- 2 - 3 flavored drink mix packets
- Money--coins for a call
- 50 feet of fishing line with hooks
- 24 feet of thin (18 gauge) wire
- Cell phone with phone numbers of area emergency responders
- Prescription medications
Two Basic Survival Items that should be carried on your person:
- A large heavy-duty plastic bag (30-39 gallon size and bright color): This can be an instant shelter--cutting a small hole for your face/breathing
- A whistle: 3 short blasts help signal your emergency
Managing a Survival or Emergency Situation
Phase I - Immediate Actions to Take
- Keep a positive attitude
- Stay put if your are lost
- Protect and maintain life (immediate actions to stay alive and well, immediate shelter for protection against the elements and other threats)
- Administer first aid.
- Inventory the equipment and resources available and improvise as needed.
- Signal to others that you need help.
- Conserve internal body resources (body temperature, water, energy, etc.)
Phase II - Manage Risk and Maintain Life
- Determine and fulfill the body's physiological needs.
- Maintain a positive attitude.
- Apply survival skills as needed:
- Building a fire
- Improving your shelter
- Finding and treating water
- Improving signaling methods
- Looking for food
4. Reassess the environment for existing and potential threats and take protective measures.
Phase III - Rescue
- Continue to improve signaling methods and introduce new ones.
- Devise a plan
- How to maintain life.
- How to assist the search and rescue effort.
Source: Curtis Vielstich